In March 2006, the Washington
Post ran an article from a $35 million dollar
government-funded study on depression drugs with these
facts: “Antidepressants fail to cure the symptoms of major
depression in half of all patients with the disease even if
they receive the best possible care” according to a
definitive government study.
Depression is commonly used to describe the feelings of
sadness, disappointment, helplessness, etc. that come with
many of life’s experiences at times of loss or tragedy,
personal or family difficulties, or unexpected changes in
relationships, finances, or health. These may be
feeling that last a few days or can extend into years for
some folks. Everyone experiences these feelings at
some time in life but beyond this there is a clinical
definition of depression used by medical professionals.
The term used most often is “clinical depression”.
MayoClinic.com describes clinical depression in this way:
symptoms may include:
Depressed mood most of the day,
nearly every day
Loss of interest or pleasure in
Significant weight loss or gain
Sleeping too much or not being able
to sleep nearly every day
Slowed thinking or movement that
others can see
Fatigue or low energy nearly every
Feelings of worthlessness or
Loss of concentration or
Recurring thoughts of death or
To meet the criteria
for clinical depression (called major depression in the
DSM), you must have five or more of the above symptoms over
a two-week period. At least one of the symptoms must be
either a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure.
Keep in mind, some types of depression may not fit this
causes noticeable disruptions in daily life, such as work,
school or social activities. It can affect people of any age
or sex, including children. It isn't the same as depression
caused by a loss (such as the death of a loved one),
substance abuse or a medical condition such as a thyroid
Depression and suicide
An important consideration with severe depression is
suicide. The following material from HelpGuide.org can
be of value:
Depression is a major risk factor for suicide. The
deep despair and hopelessness that goes along with
depression can make suicide feel like the only way to
escape the pain. Thoughts of death or suicide are a
serious symptom of depression, so take any suicidal talk
or behavior seriously. It's not just a warning sign that
the person is thinking about suicide: it's a cry for
Warning signs of suicide
· Talking about killing or harming one’s self
· Expressing strong feelings of hopelessness or being
· An unusual preoccupation with death or dying
· Acting recklessly, as if they have a death wish (e.g.
speeding through red lights)
· Calling or visiting people to say goodbye
· Getting affairs in order (giving away prized
possessions, tying up loose ends)
· Saying things like “Everyone would be better off
without me” or “I want out.”
· A sudden switch from being extremely depressed to
acting calm and happy.
If you think a friend or family member is considering
suicide, express your concern and seek professional help
immediately. Talking openly about suicidal thoughts and
feelings can save a life.
Reprinted with permission from Helpguide.org © 2001-2010.
All rights reserved. For more information, visit
[search helps: major depression, major depressive
Oils, blends & products
Oils & Blends:
BergamotEC, Grounding BlendC, Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend)C,
FrankincenseC, GrapefruitC, LavenderEC,
LemonEC, LimeC, MelissaEC,
PeppermintC, Roman ChamomileEC,
RosemaryC, Calming BlendC, Ylang YlangEC
Essential oils based
Massage Blend Technique, Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV)
BasilEC, CinnamonC, Invigorating BlendC,
Clary SageEC, Clove, CypressC,
GingerC, LemongrassC, MarjoramC,
Melaleuca, PatchouliEC, SandalwoodEC,
understand the E and C superscript go to Home and
scroll to New Helps.
Depression seems to be an
epidemic in today’s society. Essential oils can help. For
mild depression Lavender, Sandalwood, andYlang Ylang among
others, are effective. Also the blends
Grounding Blend, Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend), and Calming Blend are very effective.
special blend using Melissa is
suggested by Dr. Hill:
• 2-3 drops Wild Orange
• 2-3 drops
• 2-3 drops Melissa
Also highly recommended is consistent use of the Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV).
Application: Diffusion is most
effective, but topical application to the chest or body and foot massages
or baths also offer
good results. Use cup and inhale after applying topically or
consider having an inhaler handy if you are on the go. Since
there are a wide variety
of oils that potentially can help experiment as necessary
to find out what oils offer optimum results for each
individual. Some point out that if help is required over a
long period of time a single oil or blend can get “boring”
or less effective. For best results rotate or change oils or
Safety Precautions: If severe states of
depression persist, the help of a qualified licensed
professional is recommended.
Experiences and Testimonials of others
A submission directly to
Our thanks to:
Amy - I have been suffering from depression
and anxiety for many years, and have been on medication for
it. I weaned myself off the medication and was doing ok for
a while, but relapsed. I then learned about (...), and
have been using the oils to help keep me out of a slump, and
also to calm me when I'm anxious.
I apply the Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) blend to my chest in the morning most
days. If I'm feeling anxious I'll apply the Calming Blend
to my wrists, and at night to help me sleep I apply the
Lavender to the bottoms of my feet (unless I'm using the
Protective Blend at the moment too, then I put the Protective Blend on the
bottoms of my feet and the Lavender on my chest.)
I have had much more stable moods since. If I start to feel
something in the middle of the day, I'll reapply, and I feel
calmer within a few minutes. Otherwise I just do the morning
& evening things. I'm amazed at how well the oils keep me
balanced without any pharmaceuticals.
A submission directly to
Our thanks to:
I just wanted to add to the depression area that at
the 2010 (...) Conference Dr. Hill recommended a
blend of Melissa, Wild Orange and Peppermint as an excellent
blend to help some with depression.
Our thanks to:
I have not been involved in with (...)
oils for very long, but my experiences have
been mind blowing. I had been taking
anti-depressants and ADD medications for
over 25 years. Of course when you take
those drugs then there will be others added
so you can get to sleep at night, its a
I have tried to get off of them for 25
years, with no hope..until someone told me
about (...) oils and my life changed
forever. Within 1 week I was off all
anti-depressants, and a few days later I
realized I didn't need the ADD mediation.
I'm still working on getting to sleep at
night by myself, but I think that will come
So I was telling My brother in-law this a
few weeks ago on the phone and after I hung
up he called me right back and asked if
these oils would help Dad, who has been
suffering from terrible pain in his hip and
shoulder for some time now. I said
yes, I was going to say something but I
really didn't think he would try them... So
I sent him some samples..so the following
week David (by brother in-law) was visiting
my father in-law again and he was in severe
pain and David said "Dad didn't Patti send
you some oils?" he said "yes, but they
are not going to work!" Well how do
you know if you don't try them..just go put
them on what will it hurt... so he does that
and comes back a few minutes later and David
asked him how the pain was and he
said...THERE IS NO PAIN... now he is
singing the (...) song!! These oils
change peoples lives!
Brenda - I have
some friends who have had a really rough year, the last
thing they have gone through is the loss of their son.
They are on severe antidepressants, with some suicidal
thoughts. They called me and said they knew
antidepressants are not healthy and there are side effects
and they are habit forming and what would I recommend?
Teresa - Brenda, I am so sorry for their
loss. It would be a tough year for anyone! I
trust they know that you do not just stop anti-depressants;
most need to be weaned off of slowly and they need to do
that under their doctor’s supervision. That said, I
would begin rotating through Grounding Blend, Calming Blend, and
Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend). They may find one works better than the
other and in that case could just use it. The Massage Blend Technique combined with these would be helpful as
well. They could do the Massage Blend on one another,
even if they just simply hop up on the bed so that they can
each reach the other’s toes. Not only do the oils do
their job, but often just that nurturing touch will help
them re-connect with one another in the midst of this
Cherie - I am fairly new to the whole
essential oils thing, but I started it because I needed to
do something about my depression. I started with Wild Orange and Cinnamon, a really Christmassy blend, but I found
it helped. Whenever I knew I was going into a
stressful situation or one which would trigger my depression
or anxiety, I wore it like perfume. I also used them
together at least once a day. In addition, I found
that Grounding Blend applied to my feet each night was helpful.
In short, I was trying to listen to my body and my spirit to
learn what would be the most effective. It's a tough
thing, and the effects of the antidepressants can take a
very long time to work through the body (speaking from my
Joanna - I was going through a super
hard time and the doctor put me on antidepressants. Which
was tough for me because I am such a happy person usually.
(Plus I have a million tools to help other people get better
but wasn't able to do anything for myself and that was even
more of a big bummer.) When I came across the oils I
was a bit skeptical but hopeful at the same time. I watched
the Mood Matrix
webinar that Laura Jacobs did and saw I needed some
Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend).
I got some Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) and when I had a really hard day I
crawled into bed, I put some on my chest (heart chakra) and
cupped my hands over my nose and mouth and just started
inhaling the oils on my hands. Within about 5-10 minutes I
felt better and happy again. They were that fast for me.
They got me to a place where I was able to be happy again
and for me that is really important for me, but also for my
work in the world.
Pete - I like the idea of Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) and
the mood matrix oils that Joanna mentioned if depression is
that severe. Also, Dr. Hill had a nice Melissa blend he
shared at convention and I think I remember him saying about
2-3 drops each of Wild Orange, Peppermint and Melissa. I
mixed a blend up for a friend in a 4-1-1 ratio which makes
it much more affordable, has a great aroma, and the Melissa
is still very recognizable.
Stephanie - Can
anyone guide my on essential oils used to help with
Energy4life - Bergamot is excellent for
depression, as are Geranium (good for so many things!),
Frankincense, Ylang Ylang, Wild Orange, and Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend). There
are probably many more as well, but these are my favorites.
Ramona - I think the first best thing
for depression are the Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV) supplements.
They are amazing! I was on Zoloft before finding them
and the oils. But if I miss a day or two of my
supplements, I can begin to feel that overwhelming darkness
setting in. As for oils, I find they all have some
properties that help me, but my favorites are Grounding Blend,
Calming Blend and any of the citrus. I'll be honest,
though, it changes daily for me. I usually just try to
feel which oil I need for the moment and then apply it.
I really think my body knows what it needs in the moment and
learning and following that intuition has helped a ton.
Oh, and one last thing, I do a lot of massaging them into my
children (particularly my special needs son) and I always
come away from that experience feeling uplifted and
Pat - My daughter got off all her
depression meds with Grounding Blend. She swears by it and would not
be without it. After she showers she put it on the
bottom of her feet and the back of her neck. Then throughout
the day as needed on the back of her neck. At first it was
often, now only in the morning, and when needed.
John – Here is a little more information
from Connie and Alan Higley that may be of interest to those
with depression. Depression can be caused by a calcium
deficiency, Stay away from carbonated soft drinks,
specifically cola drinks, that are high in phosphorus, they
leach calcium from the body. Eating heavy protein at
night does not give the body enough time to digest the food
before going to sleep. The undigested food then ferments
which robs the system of needed oxygen and heightens the
sense of depression.
Alisse - I too have had a lot of success
with Grounding Blend, I use it at night on my feet. I like
Blend for Women on the back of my neck in the morning. My
favorite "pick me up" during the day when I feel that
anxiety/panic coming is to cup and inhale a drop each of
Frankincense and Wild Orange then I rub my hands behind my
ears and again on the back of my neck. I attended Dr.
Hill's class two weeks ago and he mentioned Bergamot, Roman
Chamomile, and Frankincense. I made a roller bottle
with those 3 that was very handy.
Monty - For what it is worth, I suffered
from serious depression, and inner anger, that I kept
suppressed. There was scarcely a day that I did
not contemplate suicide. After I had been on the Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV) supplements for 2 months the depression and
the anger was gone. And it is staying gone. Those
things are usually caused by some chemical imbalance in the
system, And with the Wellness pack my body was
getting what it needed. How wonderful it is to be
happy, want to live and not be angry anymore.
Teresa - I have
been dealing with major depression for nearly 6 years now.
I have been on several different medications, changing far
to often because the side effects are so debilitating.
One of the side effects of SSRI/SNRI medications. (I was on
Effexor XR), was that my "guilt" pretty much left but I
sometimes felt a numbness or "nothing", except that I would
feel guilty about not feeling guilty.
As you can imagine, it was very difficult and confusing to
my good husband and children. My normal feelings of
empathy, caring, and sometimes friendship had been replaced
Anyway, as I started using the Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV) trio, I
noticed that some of these voids of feelings would sometimes
come back. In fact once, I caught myself crying.
Just crying over stuff that I have not cried about for
years. It wasn't a bad cry; it was actually a good
release. (wow, how long since I had something like
It took me a while to realize that this might have been the
Basic Vitality Supplements (LLV) trio I was reacting to. It was the
only thing different. So I gradually started cutting
my medications dosage. And after 2 months I am not
taking any medications.
I AM FINE!! I don't know what has happened, but my
emotions, feelings of guilt, love, empathy - all those
things that have been numb, are back. And the feelings
of depression are gone. Simply gone. I sleep
better, I act kinder, I eat better. My family is
elated over my changes. And I can't thank God and
(...) enough. I know my family has been praying for me and
wanting me "back to normal". God has answered their
prayers through (...)!
I am so dedicated now to the oils, the supplements, to
sharing what they can do for you with others. To
warning people of the dangers of depression medications.
Yes they can take that ominous feeling away that is the
blackness to depression sufferers. But the side
effects are nearly worse, and can destroy a family.
I love Lavender, Peppermint, Frankincense and Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend).
I should clarify, I had been on the
supplements probably 4 months or more before I noticed the
change and had my "Good Cry" (kind of a changing point for
me) Then I continued an extra 2 months while cutting down on
my medications. I also used Lavender, Peppermint,
Frankincense, Lemon and Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) daily. Using cup and
inhale often applying them to my feet. I'm sure the
oils helped as well. Also, I don't mean to underestimate the
prayers, fasting and unconditional love of my family.
Marti – Any help on how to get people off
depression medications? I know the Wellness
Supplements have helped some people but I would like to know
Pat – A close friend I know got off her
medication with Grounding Blend. She uses it every morning and loves
what it has done for her. I have another friend who did not
get much relief from Grounding Blend but loves Vetiver. Lavender is
also very calming, My experience suggests it is a very
Jennie - You can try the Grapefruit
also. It has worked well for a few people I know,
Nicole – A person I know was on the
highest doses of medication for depression and anxiety, she
even had to be hospitalized. The medicine wasn't helping as
much as she hoped; she found out about (...); started
using the oils and no longer is on ANY medication. (note:
she did this very gradually).
She uses a variety of oils and blends in various ways.
She told me the most effective way for her is through
diffusion. She diffuses Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) (her favorite), Lemon,
Grapefruit, Wild Orange, or Invigorating Blend throughout the day.
For variety she picks a new oil each day. She also
applies them topically.
For most both body massage and foot massage, or baths
with the oils offer good results. One can rub 1-2 drops
under nose, on the back of neck, on the chest, the wrists,
or anywhere you can smell it throughout the day. You can
also rub 1-2 drops on the bottom of the feet.
In her case she has a lot of anxiety that comes with her
depression. The oils help with that as well. Plus,
with the anxiety comes nausea, so she applies Peppermint
behind her ears, and drinks water with a drop of Peppermint
in it throughout the day. She told me that the Peppermint
really seems to help her with endurance throughout the day
as well. She also has insomnia that comes along with it.
For this she uses Calming Blend and Lavender at nights to help
her sleep better.
Jan - I have an acquaintance who got off
depression medications after having been on them for 12
years. Her mainstay was Frankincense. She wore a clay
diffuser necklace with Frankincense day and night (except
for showers). She also improved her diet, had regular
massage, and did some excellent personal growth work.
Bottom line - she decided to do what she needed to do to be
healthy, including educating herself about the subject and
asking for support from friends and professionals.
Our thanks to:
I have had many experiences with
(...) essential oils in the last few
months and I would like to share them with
I have used a variety of blends and oils
(Calming Blend, Grounding Blend, Frankincense, Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend),
Lavender, Peppermint, etc.) when a
friend/family member or I was down or
stressed. THEY REALLY HELP! My mom was
immediately relieved the morning of her
wedding after a hectic week and a chaotic
morning (The wedding went great, and she was
in a wonderful mood, thanks to (...))! I
have pulled myself out of stressful
situations and bad moods many times! They
just make you feel better, even the stinky
ones. I smell them and apply them however it
feels right at that time, my neck, my head,
my feet, etc.
Rachel - I was just
diagnosed as clinically depressed by my doctor, who would
like to put me on major meds to control the depression.
They were shocked to see how well I cope on a day-to-day
basis. I told my doctor that I am using essential oils
(Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) and Blend for Women) to help me through my days.
I am seeing a counselor to try and get through this. I
would like to see if there is anything else I can use as far
as the oils to help me calm down, relax and take a deep
breath so I can focus on the issue at hand. I am dealing
with major anxiety, I don't sleep because all of the stuff I
have going on consumes my head, I am depressed, I overeat
because I think that is going to make me feel better (it
usually doesn't), I have a constant knot in my stomach
everyday, and I have PMDD.
What are some suggestions you would give me for other oils
to try. I am only using the Blend for Women and Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) once a
day. Should I be using them more?
Ramona - Rachel, I have been and still
do battle anxiety and depression-as well as overeating, at
times, to compensate. When I first found (...), I
was actually on medication and was able to go off of it
within 2 weeks of starting with the oils. One thing
that helped me a lot were the LLV supplements. I can't
say enough of how much they helped! If you find those
oils helping, I would use them more, like lots. I
would diffuse them; I would rub them on your pulse points at
least 4-5 times a day. If the anxiety starts up, I
would put a few drops of Calming Blend in your palm and just take
deep breaths of it in and relax. I find that using
Calming Blend at bed time and also Tension Blend has done wonders
for me, they help me sleep better. I have also cut out soda
and even any candy because I think the caffeine and sugar
was contributing to my anxiety. Another thing I have
found helpful, not oil related, but found through counseling
was to use mindful thinking techniques.
Sharon - The Metabolic Blend Trimshakes
really seem to work well for an even mood and balancing
blood sugar as well as the Metabolic Blend of course. I
highly recommend tapping or EFT. You may even want to get
yourself a local practitioner to work with. Definitely
better than medication. Exercise is good too for boosting
the brain chemistry. A fast walk out in nature if possible,
swimming, I like hooping which can be done indoors year
round, rebounding, etc. There's lot's of possibilities and
it doesn't need to take much time. Just a few minutes at a
time can really help.
Diane - I battled clinical depression
and bouts of suicidal depression for years, and have been on
the medications. I took myself off of them when I read that
they can cause chronic depression and suicide. I found that
meditation, counseling with a spiritual mentor, and long
trail walks helped me a lot. As far as oils, have you tried
Lemon, Wild Orange, or Invigorating Blend? I agree with the
Calming Blend and also Ramona's suggestion of Tension Blend. Grounding Blend
might help as well.
Dietary changes such as eliminating sugar and caffeine as
she suggested are also good ideas. Spring is coming
everywhere in the US, so take advantage of the warmer
weather and get outdoors. Gardening was a great boon as
well, and still helps if I'm depressed or upset about
The other thing that helped me was learning to look
around and count my blessings. Living an "attitude of
gratitude" helps too. Remember, your mind has a very
powerful ability to heal you.
Kelli - My story is very similar to
Ramona's. When I first found (...) I was on so many
depression and anxiety meds! Trazadone, Lexapro, Xanax ...
All really high doses too. I had a lot of family stuff going
on unfortunately. I started taking the vitamins and using
Grounding Blend. Lots and lots of Grounding Blend! I literally get the same
effect from using Grounding Blend as I did when I would take a Xanax.
Everything relaxes and I can calm down. I get the most
benefit from it when I rub in into my feet. I was off all my
meds within 2 weeks. I feel amazing! Better than when I was
on the meds definitely! I give the most credit to the LLV
supplements. I cannot give enough praise to those vitamins!
I can tell when I've even missed a couple days of taking the
vitamins because I will feel lousy. Like Ramona, the Tension Blend and the Calming Blend are my best friends at night. I sleep
Rebecca - Depression can develop from
multiple situations. Physically when the body gets too
overwhelmed with too much stuff, physical issues arise.
Malabsorption of nutrients or poor diet can be corrected
with LLV. Foods that help with depression include spinach,
red Peppers, onions, citrus fruits, lots of good water (not
city) and wheat if you're not gluten sensitive. Eat these
foods every day, as much as possible. Heavy metals can be at
fault, Helichrysum is the best oil. Foot baths pull metals
or do a foot soak with sea salt or epsom salts and oil in
warm water, soak till water cools. Cilantro I believe pulls
metals which would translate to Coriander in oils. Detoxify
in anyway you have available such as infrared sauna, sea
salt bath with oils, Lemon in your water, avoiding chemicals
and using organic foods, cleaning products and personal care
items etc. find ways that calm you, yoga, running, listening
to music etc I have seen in several I have worked with that
there is a relationship between their body having lots of
pathogens in it and depression or a feeling and behaviors of
irrationality. Any of the oils for antibacterial, antiviral,
antifungal, antimicrobial, or antiparasitic eliminates that.
Rotating through other emotional oils you may find others
that work better or know that the ones you use are good for
you. That can change as things correct in your body. Using
more than once a day is fine. Diffusing is a nice way of
getting them while you sleep and heal. Suggestions include:
Lemon, Frankincense, Lavender, Bergamot, Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend), Grounding Blend,
Invigorating Blend and on and on. Think positive thoughts about
Maree - Me too, me too! I totally agree
about the LLV supplements and the impact that it had on me
and my body and the depression. It gave my body the basis
that I needed. I was on this for a few months before I
really started to inquire on which oils my body needed. I
agree with the use of Grounding Blend, lather it on at all times in
the beginning. Invigorating Blend and Joyful Blend (Elevating Blend) were huge for me
and my body also. I also did Wild Orange and Frankincense
every morning and I was rubbing Grapefruit and Metabolic Blend
on my thighs and hips. I think that helped elevate my
morning moods (hardest time for me). Try any of the ones
that you think would appeal to you. Use them as much as you
feel that you need to use them. You know! You have the power
to heal your body just believe!
My sister loves Vetiver and Lime and also Patchouli...
different bodies are different but the same results can be
achieved. No more medications for me either, all natural for
over a year and a half now and that is huge for me if I
started listing all that I was on. Give your body the time
that it needs to realize it does not need the medications
and be advised by your doctor if they support you going off,
find a new one if they don't. Just my thoughts.
What Science & Research are saying
The following was submitted by Loryjean on the 23
Taking Time to Smell Roses
Really CAN Ease Stress
If you're feeling stressed, try savoring the scent of
Lemon, mango, Lavender, or other fragrant plants.
Scientists in Japan are reporting the first
scientific evidence that inhaling certain fragrances
alters gene activity and blood chemistry in ways that
can reduce stress levels. Their study appears in ACS'
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, a bi-weekly
Akio Nakamura and colleagues note that people have
inhaled the scent of certain plants since ancient times
to help reduce stress, fight inflammation and
depression, and induce sleep. Aromatherapy, the use of
fragrant plant oils to improve mood and health, has
become a popular form of alternative medicine.
And linalool is one of the most widely used
substances to ease emotional stress. Until now, however,
linalool's exact effects on the body have been a deep
The scientists exposed lab rats to stressful
conditions while inhaling and not inhaling linalool.
Linalool returned stress-elevated levels of neutrophils
and lymphocytes — key parts of the immune system — to
near-normal levels. Inhaling linalool also reduced the
activity of more than 100 genes that go into overdrive
in stressful situations. The findings could form the
basis of new blood tests for identifying fragrances that
can soothe stress, the researchers said.
Effects of fragrance inhalation on
sympathetic activity in normal adults.
Japanese journal of pharmacology, November, 2002;
Haze S, Sakai K, Gozu Y.
We investigated the effects of fragrance inhalation on
sympathetic activity in normal adult subjects using both
power spectral analysis of blood pressure fluctuations and
measurement of plasma catecholamine levels. Fragrance
inhalation of essential oils, such as Pepper oil, estragon
oil, Fennel oil or Grapefruit oil, resulted in 1.5- to
2.5-fold increase in relative sympathetic activity,
representing low frequency amplitude of systolic blood
pressure (SBP-LF amplitude), compared with inhalation of an
odorless solvent, triethyl citrate (P<0.05, each). In
contrast, fragrance inhalation of Rose oil or Patchouli oil
caused a 40% decrease in relative sympathetic activity
(P<0.01, each). Fragrance inhalation of Pepper oil induced a
1.7-fold increase in plasma adrenaline concentration
compared with the resting state (P = 0.06), while fragrance
inhalation of Rose oil caused a 30% decrease in adrenaline
concentration (P<0.01). Our results indicate that fragrance
inhalation of essential oils may modulate sympathetic
activity in normal adults.